Vol. 2, 2017

Original research papers

Radiation Protection


Zoran Mirkov

Pages: 95-98

DOI: 10.21175/RadProc.2017.20

For the purposes of this study, the quality control was carried out on 40 intraoral and 20 panoramic dental x-ray units in use in the public and private sector in Serbia. Parts of the quality control which are derived were: visual inspection of the dental x-ray units and related equipment, performance testing of the dental x-ray units and inspection of the radiation protection facilities for patient, personnel and population. Results show that most of the examined devices (88% intraoral and 95% panoramic x-ray units) operate within regulatory standards. The worst results showed intraoral devices that operate on 50 kV within the repeatability of exposure time and the lack of adequate filtration. The main reason for this is the irregular and insufficient servicing of x-ray units and related equipment.
  1. “UNSCEAR 2008 Report: Sources and effects of ionizing radiation,” UNSCR, New York (NY), USA, Rep. 2008(vol. 1), 2008.
    Retrieved from: http://www.unscear.org/docs/publications/2008/UNSCEAR_2008_Report_Vol.I.pdf
    Retrieved on: Nov. 22, 2016
  2. D. Košutić, P. Božović, “Rendgen aparati u dijagnostičkoj radiologiji na teritoriji Srbije u 2012. Godini,” u Zbornik radova, XXVII Simpozijum DZZ SCG, Vrnjačka Banja, Srbija, 2013, str. 197-199. (D. Košutić, P. Božović, “Distribution of x ray units in Serbia,” in Proc. XXVII Symposium DZZ SCG, Vrnjačka Banja, Serbia, 2013, pp. 197-200.)
    Retrieved from: http://dzz.org.rs/wp-content/uploads/2013/06/2013-Vrnjacka-Banja.pdf
    Retrieved on: Jan. 20, 2017
  3. Правилник о примени извора јонизујућих зрачења у медицини, Сл. Гл. РС (бр. 1/12 од 11.01.2012), Београд, Србија, 2012. (Rulebook on Application of the Radiation Sources in Medicine, Off. Gazett. RS (no. 1/12 from Jan. 11, 2012), Belgrade, Serbia, 2012.).
    Retrieved from: http://www.srbatom.gov.rs/srbatom/zakonska-regulativa.htm
    Retrieved on: Dec. 5, 2016
  4. Vrednovanje i redovna ispitivanja u medicinskim odeljenjima za vizuelizaciju slike - Deo 3-4: Prijemna ispitivanja - Performanse vizuelizacije slike stomatoloških rendgen-aparata, SRPS IEC 61223-3-4:2002, 26.09.2002. (Evaluation and routine tests in medical imaging departments – Part 3-4: Acceptance tests – Imaging performance of dental X-ray equipment, SRPS IEC 61223-3-4:2002, Sep. 26, 2002.)
  5. A. L. C. Kwan, H. Ching et al., “Acceptance Testing and Quality Control of Dental Imaging Equipment,” American Associations of Physics in Medicine, Alexandria (VA), USA, Rep. 175, 2016.
    Retrieved from: http://www.aapm.org/pubs/reports/RPT_175.pdf
    Retrieved on: Jan. 15, 2016.
  6. C. Olivera, D. Kosutic, S. Markovic, “Quality control of conventional diagnostic radiology equipment in Serbia and Montenegro,” in Proc. IRPA Reg. Cong. Rad. Prot. Centr. Eur., Bratislava, Slovakia, 2003, p. VIII._2
    Retrieved from: http://www.iaea.org/inis/collection/NCLCollectionStore/_Public/36/097/36097664.pdf?r=1
    Retrieved on: Jan. 20, 2017
  7. “Cone beam CT for dental and maxillofacial radiology (Evidence-Based Guidelines),” Directorate-General for energy of EC, Luxemburg City, Luxemburg, Rep. 172, 2012.
    Retrieved from: https://ec.europa.eu/energy/sites/ener/files/documents/172.pdf
    Retrieved on: Jan. 20, 2017
  8. Правилник о границама излагања јонизујућим зрачењима и мерењима ради процене нивоа излагања јонизујућим зрачењима, Сл. гл. РС (бр. 86/11 од 18.11.2011), Београд, Србија, 2011. (Rulebook on Limits of Exposure to Ionizing Radiation and Measurements for Assessment of the Exposure Levels, Οff. Gazett. RS (no. 86/11 from Nov. 18, 2011), Belgrade, Serbia, 2011.)
    Retrieved from: http://www.srbatom.gov.rs/srbatom/zakonska-regulativa.htm
    Retrieved on: Jan. 20, 2017
  9. K. Hatziioannou, E. Psarouli et al., “Quality control and diagnostic reference levels in intraoral dental radiographic facilities,” Dentomaxillofacial Radiology, vol. 34, no. 5, pp. 304–307, Sep. 2005.
    DOI: 10.1259/dmfr/38802780
    PMid: 16120881
  10. D. Arandjić, D. Košutić, Đ. Lazarević, “Patient Protection in Dental Radiology: Influence of Exposure Time on Patient Dose,” Serbian Journal of Electr. Eng.,vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 489 – 494, Dec. 2009.
    DOI: 10.2298/SJEE0903489A
  11. Z. Mirkov, O. Ciraj, “Preliminarna ispitivanja nivoa doze za pacijente u intraoralnoj stomatološkoj radiologiji u Republici Srbiji,” u Zbornik radova, XXVIII Simpozijum DZZ SCG, Vršac, Srbija, 2015, str. 301 – 306. (Z. Mirkov, O. Ciraj, “Preliminary testing the level of patient doses of intraoral dental radiology in Serbia,’’ in Proc. XXVIII Symposium DZZ SCG, Vršac, Serbia, 2015, pp. 301 – 306.)
    Retrieved from: http://dzz.org.rs/wp-content/uploads/2013/06/2015-XXVIII-DZZSCG-Vrsac.pdf
    Retrieved on: Jan. 20, 2017