Vol. 2, 2017

Original research papers



S. Yu. Sokovnin, R. A. Vazirov, M. E. Balezin

Pages: 11-14

DOI: 10.21175/RadProc.2017.03

The irradiation exposure experiments were carried out by means of the pulsed repetitive nanosecond accelerator URT-0.5 (electron energy of up to 500 keV, a pulse width of 50 ns, pulse repetition rate of up to 200pps). The determination of the distribution of the absorbed dose (AD) in the depth in the polyethylene was conducted by a gray wedge. The measurement of the electron beam AD on the surface of the shell (removed from the eggs) and under the shell, as well as beneath the absorber layer (polyethylene 80 microns thick) was also performed by the film dosimeter. Thermoluminescent dosimeters, TLD-500, were used to determine the distribution of the bremsstrahlung AD inside chicken eggs. These results lead to the conclusion that the irradiation of an electron beam with the AD level of 5 kGy is sufficient for complete disinfection on the surface of an egg. The AD inside of it will not exceed 8 cGy because of bremsstrahlung.
  1. В. В. Гуслянников, М. А. Подлегаев, Технология мяса птицы и яйцепродуктов, Москва, Россия: Пищевая промышленность, 1979 г. (V. V. Guslyannikov, M. A Podlegaev, Technology of poultry meat and egg products AM, Moscow, Russia: Food Industry, 1979.)
  2. А. П. Лищук «Обеззараживание куриных яиц и яйцепродуктов (меланж и яичный порошок) от сальмонелл» диссертация на соискание ученой степени кандидата ветеринарных наук (16.00.06)/ Лищук Андрей Петрович; Российская академия сельскохозяйственных наук. - Москва, 2002 – 177 с. (A. P. Lishchuk “Disinfection of eggs and egg products (egg powder and egg products) from Salmonella,” Ph.D. dissertation, Veterinary Sciences, Russian Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Moscow, Russia, 2002.)
  3. М. А. Туманян, Д. А. Каушанский, Радиационная стерилизация, Москва, Россия: Медицина, 1974. стр. 304. (M. A. Tumanyan, D. A. Causeni, Radiation sterilization, Moscow, Russia: Medicine, 1974. p.304.)
  4. European Food Safety Authority, “Statement summarising the Conclusions and Recommendations from the Opinions on the Safety of Irradiation of Food adopted by the BIOHAZ and CEF Panels,” EFSA Journal, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 2107-1 – 2107-98, Mar. 2011.
    DOI: 10.2903/j.efsa.2011.2107
  5. Yu. A. Kotov, S. Yu. Sokovnin. “Overview of the application of nanosecond electron beams for radiochemical sterilization,” IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science, Special Issue, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 133-136, Feb. 2000.
    DOI: 10.1109/27.842883
  6. S. Yu. Sokovnin, M. E. Balezin “Production of nanopowders using nanosecond electron beam,” Ferroelectrics, vol. 436, no. 1, pp. 108-111, Dec. 2012.
    DOI: 10.1080/10584587.2012.731330
    DOI: 10.1080/10584587.2012.730951
  7. S. Yu. Sokovnin, Yu. A. Kotov, S. N. Rukin, G. A. Mesyats, “Research of the effects of Impulse frequency electron beams on microorganisms in aqueous solutions,” Russian Journal of Ecology, vol. 27, no. 3, 1996. pp. 214-216.
  8. Yu. A. Kotov, S. Yu. Sokovnin, M. E. Balezin, “YPT-0.5 repetitive-pulse nanosecond electron accelerator,” Instr. and Exp. Tech., vol. 43, no. 1, pp. 102-105, Jan. 2000.
    DOI: 10.1007/BF02759009
  9. R. A. Abdulov, V. V. Generalova “Monitoring maintenance of radiation-technological processes in Russia,” High Energy Chemistry, vol. 36, no. 1, pp. 26-33, Jan. 2002.
    DOI: 10.1023/A:1013644410792
  10. I. I. Mil`man, E. V. Moiseĭkin, S. V. Nikiforov, S. V. Solov`ev, I. G. Revkov, E. N. Litovchenko, “The role of deep traps in luminescence of anion-defective α-Al2O3: C crystals,” Physics of the Solid State, vol. 50, no. 11, pp 2076-2080, Nov. 2008.
    DOI: 10.1134/S1063783408110127
  11. А. М. Кузин, “Проблема малых доз и идеи гормезиса в радиобиологии,” Радиобиология, том. 31, вып. 1., сс. 16-21, 1991. (A. M. Kuzin, “The problem of low doses and hormesis ideas in radiobiology,” Radiobiology, vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 16-21, 1991.)
  12. D. W. Forster, M. Goodman, G. Herbert, J. C. Martin, T. Stor, “Electron beam diagnostics using X-rays,” in J. C. Martin on Pulsed Power, vol. 3, T. H. Martin, M. Williams, M. Kristiansen, Eds., 1st ed., New York, (NY), USA: Springer US, 1996, ch. 11, pp. 375 – 412.
    DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4899-1561-0_31
  13. Правила работы с радиоактивными веществами и другими источниками ионизирующих излучений в учреждениях и организациях Академии наук СССР, Академия наук СССР, Москва, СССР: Наука, 1984, c. 303. (Rules for working with radioactive substances and other sources of ionizing radiation at the institutions and organizations of the Academy of Sciences of USSR, Academy of Sciences of USSR, Moscow, USSR: Nauka, 1984, p. 303.)