Volume 5, 2021

Medical Imaging


T.N. Kiseleva, Yu. A. Stepanova, N.V. Guseva, K.V. Lugovkina, V. V. Makukhina

Pages: 136–140

DOI: 10.21175/RadProc.2021.26

The results of high-frequency grayscale B-scan, color Doppler imaging (CDI) and ultrasonic density measurement or echodensitometry (ED) of eyelids and periorbital tissues were presented. 48 healthy volunteers (96 eyes) aged from 17 to 46 years were enrolled. Echographic anatomy of eyelid layers, i.e. skin, orbicularis oculi muscle, tarsus, and Retro-Orbicularis Oculi Fat (ROOF), is described in details. Thickness and echodensitometry values for all layers were provided. Complex ultrasound examination should be performed prior to reconstructive and plastic surgery of eyelids in order to facilitate the choice of surgical tactics.
  1. D. Liu, W. M. Hsu, “Oriental eyelids. Anatomic difference and surgical consideration,” Ophthal. Plast. Reconstr. Surg., vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 59–64, 1986.
    DOI: http://doi.org/10.1097/00002341-198601050-00001
  2. S. Jeong et al., “The Asian upper eyelid: an anatomical study with comparison to the Caucasian eyelid”, Arch Ophthalmol., vol. 117, no. 7, pp. 907–912, Jul. 1999.
    DOI: http://doi.org/10.1001/archopht.117.7.907
  3. M. Deprez, S. Uffer, “Clinicopathological features of eyelid skin tumors. A retrospective study of 5504 cases and review of literature”, Am. J. Dermatopathol., vol. 31, no. 3, pp. 256–262, May 2009.
    DOI: https://doi.org/10.1097/dad.0b013e3181961861
  4. L. Wang et al., “Clinicopathological analysis of 5146 eyelid tumours and tumour-like lesions in an eye centre in South China, 2000–2018: a retrospective cohort study,” BMJ Open, vol. 11, no. 1, article no. e041854, Jan. 2021.
    DOI: http://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2020-041854
  5. A. D. Singh, B. C. Hayden, “Clinical Methods: Ultrasound Biomicroscopy”, in Ophthalmic Ultrasonography, Philadelphia, USA: Elsevier/Saunders, 2012, ch. 4, pp. 25–29.
  6. V. H. Vasanthapuram, P. Saha, A. Mohamed, M. N. Naik, “Ultrasound biomicroscopic features of the normal lower eyelid,” Orbit, vol. 40, no. 5, pp. 375–380, Sep. 2020.
    DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/01676830.2020.1812094
  7. H. Demirci, C.C. Nelson, “Ultrasound biomicroscopy of the upper eyelid structures in normal eyelids,” Ophthal. Plast. Reconstr. Surg., vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 122–125, Apr. 2007.
    DOI: http://doi.org/10.1097/iop.0b013e31802f2074
  8. M. T. Rajabi et al., “Ultrasonographic visualization of lower eyelid structures and dynamic motion analysis,” Int. J. Ophthalmol., vol. 6, no. 5, pp. 592–595, 2013.
    DOI: http://doi.org/10.3980/j.issn.2222-3959.2013.05.07
  9. M. T. Rajabi et al., “Ultrasonographic motion analysis of lower eyelid compartments in patients with chronic thyroid associated ophthalmopathy,” J. Curr. Ophthalmol., vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 310–317, Dec. 2017.
    DOI: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.joco.2017.07.002
  10. P. Saonanon, P. Thongtong, T. Wongwuticomjon, “Differences between single and double eyelid anatomy in Asians using Ultrasound biomicroscopy,” Asia Pac. J. Ophthamol., vol. 5, no. 5, pp. 335–338, Sep-Oct. 2016.
    DOI: http://doi.org/10.1097/APO.0000000000000185
  11. D. O. Kikkawa, R. Ochabski, R. N. Weinreb, “Ultrasound biomicroscopy of eyelid lesions,” Ophthalmologica, vol. 217, no. 1, pp. 20–23, Feb. 2003.
    DOI: http://doi.org/10.1159/000068253
  12. S.F. Byrne, R.L. Green, “Color Doppler Imaging of the Eye and Orbit”, in Ultrasound of the eye and orbit , Philadelphia, USA: Mosby Inc., 2002, ch. 14, pp. 374–375.
  13. T.A Ferreira et al., “MR and CT Imaging of the Normal Eyelid and its Application in Eyelid Tumors,” Cancers, vol. 12, no. 3, p. 658, Mar. 2020.
    DOI: http://doi.org/10.3390/cancers12030658
  14. M. H. Banu, N. G. Ayer, G. Zilelioglu, A. H. Elhan, “Ultrasound biomicroscopy of the levator aponeurosis in congenital and aponeurotic blepharoptosis,” Ophthalmic Plast. Reconstr. Surg., vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 308–311, Jul. 2004.
    DOI: https://doi.org/10.1097/01.iop.0000129532.33913.e7
T.N. Kiseleva, Yu. A. Stepanova, N.V. Guseva, K.V. Lugovkina, V. V. Makukhina, "High-frequency ultrasound scanning in eyelids assessment",RAD Conf. Proc, vol. 5, 2021, pp. 136–140, http://doi.org/10.21175/RadProc.2021.26