Vol. 2, 2017

Original research papers

Biophysics

SENSITIVITY OF REMOTELY-SENSED SPECTRAL REFLECTANCE TO BIOPHYSICAL VARIABLES OF PLANTS

Kalinka Velichkova, Dora Krezhova

Pages: 276-282

DOI: 10.21175/RadProc.2017.56

Estimation and monitoring of plant health and influence of the environment are important components of the climate change researches. Recent hyperspectral remote sensing technologies, based on measurements of leaf reflectance in the visible and near infrared spectral ranges, allow detecting subtle absorption features in foliar spectra and to study correlations of these features linked to plant biophysical variables. The purpose of this study is to explore the sensitivity of several narrowband vegetation indices (VIs) when used to estimate the effect of a biotic stress (viral infection) on the biophysical parameters and physiological state of young potato plants. Two groups of plants were investigated – healthy and infected with Potato Virus Y (PVY). Hyperspectral reflectance data were collected by means of a portable fiber-optics spectrometer in the spectral range 400-1100 nm with a spectral resolution of 1.5 nm. The VIs – Normalized Difference VI (NDVI), modified Normalized Difference VI (mNDVI), Simple Ratio (SR); Chlorophyll Absorption Ratio Index (CARI), Modified CARI (MCARI), Chlorophyll Indices (ChIgreen and ChIred edge); Pigment index (PI), Disease index (fD) and Photochemical Reflectance Index (PRI) were evaluated for their potential to detect changes in physiological state and biochemical content of the infected plants. Three VIs appeared to be most sensitive – CARI, ChIgreen, and MCARI, the latter one has shown about two time better sensitivity than the others.
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